Food labelling is an important means of providing essential information to consumers. This includes details on a food’s ingredients, composition, durability, storage and preparation requirements, any safety related information and identification of the manufacturer.

Detailed rules are laid down in law on what food information must be declared on product labels and how it must be given. There are also general rules on providing voluntary information (e.g. marketing claims).

A significant amount of food information is already required by law, and demand on label space is high, therefore should be kept to essential aspects. Additional information relevant to different consumer groups can be provided voluntarily, either on the label or more increasingly via other digital channels.

Updates & milestones

Defra guidance on food labelling: Giving food information to consumers


This guidance informs business on the food information that must be provided on food products to comply with labelling legislation: Food Information Regulations 2014 (FIR) and the EU Food Information to Consumers (FIC) Regulation No 1169/2011.

Being a devolved responsibility, general food labelling policy lies with the Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs (Defra) in England, Food Standards Agency (FSA) in Wales and Northern Ireland, and Food Standards Scotland (FSS) in Scotland.

View Defra guidance

Further information for members is also available via the FDF Food Labelling Toolkit

Related topics

nutrition and health claims

Nutrition and health claims

Scientifically substantiated nutrition and health claims enable consumers to make informed and meaningful food choices.


Nutrition labelling

The communication of a food’s nutritional properties supports consumers to make informed food purchasing decision.


EU exit

The FDF produces a range of resources to help guide companies through the complexities arising as the UK leaves the EU. This includes our Brexit Roadmap resource. The FDF also runs various Brexit-related committees.

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