General principles of food safety and food law, which food businesses must comply with, are established in legislation. Primarily, food placed on the market must be safe. Additional principles covered, include: traceability of food, presentation of food, provision of suitable food information, withdrawal or recall of unsafe food placed on the market, and food imports and exports.
The enforcement of food regulations on food standards, safety and hygiene is primarily the responsibility of local authorities (e.g. trading standards and environmental health), however the creation of food law in the UK is the function of central government.
The Food Standards Agency (FSA) supervises local authority enforcement and works with enforcement officers to make sure food law is applied across the food chain. The FSA developed Food Law Code of Practice gives instructions that local authorities must consider when enforcing food law.
Updates & milestones
FSA Food Law Code of Practice & Local Authorities
The Food Law Code of Practice gives instructions that local authorities must consider when enforcing food law. Local authorities need to follow and implement the relevant sections of the Code that apply.
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To inform and protect consumers' interests in food, regulatory systems are in place to ensure that food law is applied across the food chain.
Food labelling is an important means of providing essential information to consumers. This includes details on a food’s ingredients, composition, durability, storage and preparation requirements, any safety related information and identification of the manufacturer.